Coronavirus, the deadliest virus that had taken the lives of many people throughout the world. Now, to understand it, here are a lot of information about Corona Virus, it’s symptoms, how it spread, how you can try and prevent it. Apart from that, you will also know about The surgical masks and get an idea that do they really work or not.
What is Coronavirus
The Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which cause a range of illnesses that start from a common cold Which we’ve all pretty much had up to more serious ones which have SARS. Now, this Coronavirus is what we call a novel Coronavirus. So it’s a new strain that we’ve never actually seen in humans before Coronaviruses a zoonotic. This means that they’re transmitted between animals and humans. However, several Coronaviruses only infect animals, but if they do cross over if they do infect humans. For example the novel Coronavirus we’re dealing with right now. This is what we call a spillover event. Now before we continue, please remember that this is a developing situation and every day. Researchers are learning more about Coronavirus. So all the information given here is relevant and of today on this day right now. All the information and data are from the WHO (World Health Organization) and NHS (The National Health Service) and other public health Departments. However, this data can change with time. There are some really useful links by the WHO and NHS all about Coronaviruses and these websites are constantly updated. So it’s highly recommended everyone checks them out.
What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?
It can include any of the following a fever, a runny nose, a dry cough, a sore throat and then it can lead to Shortness of breath and in some severe cases patients will need hospital treatment.
The severity of Coronavirus?
It really depends on the moment we know that one in five cases can become severe leading to things like Pneumonia or acute Respiratory distress syndrome. Leaving some mechanical ventilation and in some circumstances, it can even cause death now. Researchers currently know that the novel Coronavirus has a mortality rate of 2%. This means that 2% of people who have had the novel coronavirus have sadly died from it. Where it also means that 98% of people who have had the novel Coronavirus have got better from it. which is much less than that say. For example, SARS that has a mortality rate of 10% or even Ebola which has a mortality rate of 70%. Now is important to remember this is based on the current information that we have. There are currently people in the hospital receiving treatment for the Coronavirus. So the number could change and it’s not an absolute certainty now in terms of treatments.
Coronavirus Treatment –
Unfortunately, there is no treatment currently for the Coronavirus. However, the symptoms can be treated. So each patient will be looked at individually depending on their symptoms, they will have different treatments for it also. Another piece of good news is they are currently working on a vaccine for the Coronavirus.
WHO/ NHS advice for Coronavirus
The advice is that any travelers returning from Wuhan China or from the Hubei province in the last 14 days should stay at home? Stay indoors and avoid contact with other people. If you do get any symptoms of Coronavirus that we spoke about earlier such as the fever, sore throat, short some breath. Please avoid other people staying indoors and contact your doctor’s surgery for advice. Don’t walk in just call them this also applies to anyone returning from any part of China apart from Hong Kong and Macau. So if you get symptoms of Coronavirus. Please stay indoors, avoid other people and you got to the surgery please once again do not walk into your doctor’s surgery. Please just call and get more information and advice. This is all to reduce the spread of the virus. And also remember even if your symptoms are mild, please stay indoors and avoid spreading the virus. So this means staying at home for at least 14 days after arriving from Wuhan or the Hubei Province or If you have symptoms and you’ve come from any part of China. You need to stay at home for at least 14 days. And this means you’re not gonna have to work. Don’t go to school don’t go to public places. And obviously, if you need food contact friends or family or delivery drivers to bring it to your house now. This is the current guidance however, it can change tomorrow. It can change this week. It can change next month. So the best thing to do is to check the dedicated coronavirus website out. So please check it out and also, remember if you have been in contact with someone who has had a confirmed case of the novel coronavirus. Then please call and contact your doctor.
So how is Coronavirus spread?
Well nobody knows exactly how it’s spread from person to person but the similar virus is spread through cough droplets through close contact. Now close contact is being closed within 2 meters of someone who is infected for at least 15 minutes. But like there are still lots of information that everybody should know. So for example, how long does it take for the virus to spread? What is the true incubation period so this is the period that you’ve got the virus, but you don’t have any symptoms yet. It’s thought to be one to two weeks, but we’re not sure of this yet. And also can the virus be spread when you’re asymptomatic.
Infection Prevention Tips –
Now the WHO recommends Standard Prevention Technique to help reduce the spread.
So tip number one is to wash your hands regularly throughout the day using soap or water. Wash it for at least 20 seconds. If you don’t have access to water or so, one can always use an alcohol hand rub tip number two to avoid touching your face as much as you can because our hands carry so many germs and the way they get in is through our mucous membranes. So through our eyes, through our mouth, through our nose. That’s the way the infections get in. So it’s easy to do when you’re thinking and you go into auto-drive and you might touch your face. But try and avoid touching your face as much as you can.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or when you sneeze and throw it in the bin straight away. The viruses can survive for about 15 minutes on the tissue which is why it’s so important you throw it in the bin straight away on other surfaces like door handles. For example, viruses are unlikely to survive for more than 24 hours.
Try to avoid close contact with anyone who’s showing signs of respiratory illness. So if they’re coughing if they’re sneezing. Try to avoid contact with them and try and maintain a gap of at least two meters from them because this is a distance that’s been shown as sneeze or cough can travel.
If you’re feeling unwell stay at home even if it’s something mild likes the common cold. Just stay at home and reduce the risk of spreading a virus that is the people and keep your community safe.
If you use a public workspace, let’s say for example, here. We all use different rooms all the time. So give it a quick wipe down the area that you’re going to be using to work. It can make a significant difference. Also moving on to tip number seven when you’re eating meat when you’re eating eggs. Make sure you’re cooking them thoroughly.
Do surgical masks help stop the spread of viruses –
Another question many people have asked about surgical face masks and if they can help well I do know that virologists are skeptical about their effectiveness against airborne viruses. But there is some evidence to show that they do help prevent hand-to-mouth transition, which we spoke about earlier with regards to mucous membranes. However, routine surgical masks, but airborne viruses are not effective. The reason being that they are quite loose-fitting they have no air filter and also they leave your eyes exposed. So remember the mucous membranes that are an exposed area. The infections can get into you. So the best advice to everyone is to maintain hygiene tips. Always use a reputable source of information for health knowledge such as the WHO and other health-related organizations.
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