Who is Vladimir Putin? How Putin become President? – The Story behind such Enormous Power

Who is Vladimir Putin?

We are intended to provide a detailed information on a diplomatic person here. This post will surely let you know How Putin become President as well. Vladimir Putin, a former intelligence officer, has been President of Russia since 2012, having previously served from 1999 to 2008. He spent 16 years as a KGB foreign intelligence officer before retiring in 1991 to pursue a career in politics in Saint Petersburg. The country’s economy increased for eight years in a row during his first term as president. A fivefold increase in the price of oil and gas, which account for the majority of Russian exports, as well as recovery from the post-communist depression and financial crises, increased foreign investment, and conservative economic and fiscal policies, all contributed to the boom.

A unique background to consider

Putin was born in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) to a factory worker mother and a Soviet Navy conscript father in the early 1930s. At the age of 12, he began practising sambo and judo and read Marx, Engels, and Lenin. He studied German as a second language when he was this age.

In 1975, he graduated from Saint Petersburg State University with a law degree and joined the KGB. Putin was dispatched to Moscow in 1984 for additional training at the Yuri Andropov Red Banner Institute and then served in Dresden, East Germany, as a translator under a false identity.

Putin’s official biography claims that in 1989, he safeguarded the files of the Soviet Cultural Center and the KGB residence in Dresden for the official authorities of a future unified Germany to prevent demonstrators, including KGB and Stasi agents, from acquiring and burning them. He claimed that many records were abandoned in Germany due to a furnace failure, but that numerous documents from the KGB residence were delivered to Moscow.

Following the coup against Mikhail Gorbachev in 1991, Putin resigned from the KGB because he did not agree with what had happened and did not want to be a part of the new administration’s intelligence.

Emerge in Politics

He was appointed head of the Mayor’s Office’s Committee for External Connections in June 1991, with responsibilities for developing international relations and foreign investment. Within a year, the local legislative council was investigating him for understating prices and allowing the export of metals worth $93 million in exchange for foreign food aid that never arrived. Putin stayed in charge until 1996, despite the recommendation that he be removed.

He was appointed First Deputy Chairman of the Saint Petersburg Government in 1994, and in May 1995, he organised the Saint Petersburg branch of the pro-government Our Home – Russia political party, which he led until June 1997.

Putin was appointed deputy chairman of the Presidential Staff by President Boris Yeltsin in 1997, a position he held until May 1998, when Yeltsin named him Director of the Federal Security Service, the Russian Federation’s premier intelligence and security organisation and the successor to the KGB.

Putin was named one of three First Deputy Prime Ministers in August 1999, and later that day, he agreed to run for President, as Yeltsin had requested.

Terms of the Presidentship

On December 31, 1999, Yeltsin abruptly resigned, and Putin was named Acting President of the Russian Federation, pursuant to the Russian Constitution. Between 2000 and 2004, Putin worked to rebuild the country’s poor state, triumphing in a power battle with Russian billionaires.

Many in the international media predicted that the deaths of 130 hostages in the special forces’ rescue operation during the Moscow theatre hostage crisis in 2002 would hurt President Putin’s popularity, but shortly after the siege, the president enjoyed record public approval ratings, with 83 percent of Russians expressing satisfaction with his handling of the crisis.

Putin was re-elected to the presidency in March 2004, and United Russia received 64.24 percent of the vote in December 2007. Many interpreted the election triumph as evidence of widespread popular support for the Russian leadership and its programmes.

Because he was not eligible for a third consecutive term under the Constitution, First Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev was elected as his successor in a power-switch operation. Putin was re-elected as Prime Minister of Russia, cementing his political power.

Medvedev declared in September 2011 that he would recommend Putin as the party’s presidential candidate. Putin won the 2012 Russian presidential elections despite allegations of vote manipulation. Anti-Putin demonstrations occurred during and after the presidential campaign.

Russia launched numerous military incursions into Ukraine in 2014. Many in the international community felt that Putin’s annexation of Crimea signalled the start of a whole new era in Russian foreign policy, that his foreign policy had switched “from state-driven foreign policy” to an offensive attitude to resurrect the Soviet Union.

Putin’s fourth presidential campaign began in 2018, with Putin receiving over 76% of the vote, and in 2020, he proposed major constitutional revisions that might extend his political authority after he leaves office.

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Russia-Ukraine Conflict

Ukraine held military exercises with NATO soldiers in September 2021, prompting the Kremlin to warn that NATO’s expansion of military facilities in Ukraine would break “red lines” for Putin.

Putin warned in February 2022 that Ukraine’s membership in NATO may empower Kiev to recover control of Russian-annexed Crimea or Donbas areas governed by pro-Russian separatists. The President announced a “special military operation” in Ukraine in a televised address, commencing a full-scale invasion of the country. As a result, a number of countries have imposed sanctions on Russia. Putin retaliated by activating the Strategic Rocket Forces nuclear deterrence units.

Indian Memoir Contributor www.indianmemoir.com

Payel Das is a lovable mother of a sweet baby boy named ‘Aastik’. She is a pass out of the University of Calcutta with a post-graduation degree in History. She has been selected as the Cultural Secretary of the University during her educational period. At that time she fell into love with various types of writings which were frequently used to publish in students’ magazines and university wall magazines. Writing has gradually become her passion and now she is a full-time writer especially working as an Academic Writer and Scriptwriter.

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